Archaeological understanding of Monte Albán’s history is based on the ceramic chronology devised by Alfonso Caso, Ignacio Bernal, and Jorge Acosta and presented in La Cerámica de Monte Albán (1967). Caso’s chronology utilized roman numerals, beginning with the site’s founding in Period I and ending with Period V. Subsequent research at Monte Albán, however, found irreconcilable issues with the chronology that led Marcus Winter, Cira Martínez López, Robert Markens, and Michael Lind to propose a new chronology utilizing phase names (e.g., Pe, Nisa, Tani). A chart presenting the revised chronology alongside Caso’s original version appears below (from Winter 2011).

Ceramic Chronology for Monte Albán (based on Winter 2011).